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People in Nepal frequently greet you with “Namaste”, a traditional salutation meaning ‘I salute the divine in you’ that is correctly used across the country. Around 29 million Nepalese are made up of 69 different social and semantic groups, or “ethnic groups”, who live in various parts of the country. Every ethnic group has its own distinctive ensembles, communicates in its own dialects or languages, and has its own religious customs. They dwell in a variety of geographical and ecological directions, ranging from low fields near the Indian border northward to the center slopes of the Mahabharat range and valleys, and all the way up to the high plain valleys of the Himalayan zone.
The country's diverse, multi-ethnic, and multi-dimensional culture is built on centuries-old traditions and social practices. Music, dance, folklore, language, and religion represent the vast variety of mountain communities and socioeconomic strata.
'Nepal has two primary religions: Hinduism and Buddhism, while many Nepalese embrace a hybrid of the two, along with some animism. Both have a history that dates back over two millennia to the birth of the Buddha in Lumbini, with old Hindu rites that are still practiced today. The legacy of precision in arts and crafts is also respected.
When visiting temples, foreigners are expected to dress respectfully and conservatively, remove their shoes before entering, and ask permission to enter any Hindu temple. Nepalis are generally amicable, yet public expressions of affection are frowned upon.
It is considered bad luck to compliment a baby's appearance or to tread over spilled rice. Red chilies are hung around to ward off evil spirits, and bus drivers usually say a prayer before leaving.
Family is extremely important in Nepalese culture, and it is usually close-knit and devoted. Despite their high status as mothers, women have less access to education, and economic and political power.
In Nepal, two notable collections of people can be identified in the high Himalayan area of Tibetan origin (Tibeto-Burman or Bhot Burmese) and swamp to the mid-slope Indo-Aryans. Tibetan-speaking Sherpa, the Gurungs of Manang, Mustang, and Dolpo region, and the Thakali of Mustang's high plain are located in sub-snow topped to trans-Himalayan lands. Outside of Nepal, the most well-known are the Sherpa people, who have gained international recognition and interest due to their mountaineering abilities. Indeed, the word "Sherpa," which means "mountain control" in English, comes from the gathering's happy Sherpa moniker.
Rai, Limbu, Tamang, Magar, Sunwar, Gurung, and Chepang groups, as well as other Mongolian groups, are mostly situated in the mid-slope. The Brahmans, Chhetris, Newars, and Thakuris, as well as the separate word-related groupings Kami, Damai Sarki, and Gaine, are widely dispersed throughout the country. In towns, Newar, Marbadi, Punjabi, Brahman, Chhetri, and other mixed groups are also settled. The Rai, Limbu, Gurung, and Magar groups are as well-known as the Gurkha patch on the earth.
In the Terai Plain, Brahaman, Kshetri, Rajput, Tharu, Danuwar, Majhi, Darai, Rajbansi, Satar, Dhimal, Jhangar, Singh, Jha, Yadav, and Lal(Mithila) people live in the dunes, valleys, and many words related groupings and are connected together by the concepts of peace and amicability. Terai's Mithila gatherings are well-known for their authentic traditional expressions and works of art. However, for the most part, whether they live in rough terrain or in the Terai district, their primary occupation is traditional agriculture.
Nepal maintains a typical social family structure despite being a vastly enlarged country with several ethnic groups. When everything is said and done, living in a shared family framework at home, observing and adhering to one's own social customs is what is seen. It is difficult to demonstrate physical friendliness openly; gentlemen and ladies mix autonomously both during marriage and at family social events. Marriage is normally arranged by guardians with the aid of a marriage consular known as Lahmi. Love marriage is also becoming more popular among younger generations. They have the right to select their mate and their own future partner. There is no true way to say that Nepalese society remained unaffected by global developments, particularly in large metropolitan areas and towns of young age that were massively influenced by globalization.
Overall, Nepalese people are connected with their traditional vocation of agriculture. The great majority of people who live elsewhere have their own family ranch property where they grow both primary yields and unique money crops on occasion. About 76 percent of Nepal's total population still relies on traditional farming as their primary source of income. The rest work in other vocations such as bungalow enterprises, general production, product exchanging, government administration, friendliness, the tourist sector, etc.
As a country with a diverse socioeconomic and linguistic population, Nepal has a variety of distinct costume styles. According to location and culture, most Nepalese ethnic groups have their own distinct type of clothes. Daura Suruwal Dhaka is the most widely worn costume for males in Nepal. Topi (hat), T-shirts, Shirts, Pant, various casual wear and ladies’ Kurta Salwar, Saries, Blouse (Cholo) T-shirt, Shirt Pant, various casual wears are often worn by Nepalese people all across the country. Younger hearts and individuals in metropolitan areas, in particular, typically dress in western-style apparel, although older females generally wear Saries Blouse (Cholo), and Kurta Salwar unobtrusively.
In general, Nepalese people's sustenance proclivity may be distinguished as based in rice. The traditional Nepalese main course is known as Dal-Bhat-Tarkari, which is a great combination of carbohydrates, protein, nutrition, mineral, and fat. The real nutritious Dal-Bhat-Tarkari is eaten all around Nepal two times per day. Aside from tea in the morning and late at night, other beverages and light snacks can be had on a regular basis. Dal is a cooked lentil soup made from different beans, Bhat is cooked rice, Tarkari is curried vegetables, pickles of ordinary vegetables or natural goods, a plate of mixed greens, and curried or browned meat may be consumed as a non-veggie lover's sustenance.
The typical Nepalese cuisine offer curry items for taste and flavor flavors, for example, cumin seed, coriander, black pepper, sesame seed, turmeric, garlic, ginger, methi (fenugreek), bay leaf, clove, cinnamon, pepper, chilies, mustard seed, and salt incorporated by taste.
In the mountain region, where rice grows very little, millet, grain, bark wheat, and maize grow reliably, so people there eat Dhindo with Gundruk or distinctive vegetable curry, meat curry, homemade pickle, yogurt, and milk as their main course, but they also enjoy Dall Bhat on occasion. This reliable convention of nutrition proclivity is fundamental all over Nepal's mountain areas. There are moreover a few common mainland nourishment items that are inexhaustibly accessible in metropolitan areas, as well as several countries' nourishment items that are set up by a few cafés and inexpensive food slows down around the fundamental focal points of sightseers.
Nepal is extremely multireligious even though about 80 percent of the absolute population is Hindu, about 10 percent are Buddhists, 4 percent Muslim and the rest are various religious groups living in various parts of the country. In Hindu ethnic groups, all customs are handled by the minister (Savanto), the Buddhist ethnic group Lama (priest), and the Islamic ethnic group Mullah.
In Nepal, Buddhism and Hinduism were never two distinct religions for social orders to accept. These two religions have had an entombed connection from long ago with the goal of achieving liberation from the world of suffering. Despite the fact that Nepal has a large number of religious groups, they all live in harmony and peace. There is no record of religious conflict in Nepal.