No cancellation fees. No hassle. Book Now, stay relaxed. Read More

Climates of Nepal

A sliver of a rustic in Asia, Nepal is landlocked and surrounded with the aid of using China to its north and India to its south, east and west. Nevertheless, its little size doesn't limit the terrain’s diversity.  The country is basically split into 3 regions: the lowlands that lie the southern border (the Terai region) with tropical savannahs, some small hills and therefore the country’s agricultural hubs; the central region which rises to small mountains (the Pahad region) with subtropic deciduous and cone-bearing forests covering the hills and elevation grasslands and shrublands the additional you progress up, tho' no real snow coverage; and lastly, and possibly the foremost well-known, the Himal mountain region within the north, that includes, of course, mountain peak (locally called Sagarmatha), the world’s highest mountain at 8,850m.The region also features the Kali Gandaki Gorge, which is considered the deepest gorge in the world by some. Between all of the mountains in the region, there is a diverse assortment of valleys that provide spectacular landscapes and much more unique natural zones.

The country's seasons, like lots of its Asian neighbors, are cut up via way of means of rain. Thus, the year is split into seasons: a moist season from June to September, while the region's summer time season warm temperature draws wet air from the Indian Ocean, and a dry season from October to June, while bloodless temperatures withinside the deep indoors pressure dry air to transport outward. April and May are in particular dry, with temperatures accomplishing as much as 40°C. Much of Nepal's herbal vegetation withinside the decrease components have so developed to resist drought pressure, ensuing in quite a few drought-tolerant scrub forests. Sustained rain happens in mid-June on common, however this could range through as much as a month, and it fades through September/October. The post-monsoon season, with chilly, clear, and dry weather, regularly lasts till December, and is accompanied through the wintry weather monsoon, which can provide short rainfalls withinside the lowlands and plains and snow at better elevations. The warm, dry season brings common temperatures of 28°C withinside the hilly regions and 40°C withinside the lowlands, whilst the bloodless wintry weather months carry temperatures starting from 7°C to 23°C withinside the lowlands and beneath freezing at night time withinside the excessive sections. Temperatures are drastically decrease withinside the excessive mountains.

 

Monsoon: Nepal' Monsoon options distinct rainy and dry seasons. Summer rains are referred to as monsoons. Monsoon rains cause the bulk of the rain in Kingdom of Nepal throughout the summer. the remainder are clear days. Spring and season are transmutation seasons. In typically, the monsoon season begins in mid-June and concludes in early September. Seasons amendment according on height and slope of the mountain. Northern slopes and better elevations are colder than southern slopes and lower elevations. Monsoon activity determines the rainy season. It principally rains at night, going succeeding many days crisp, clean, and fresh. Summer and fall lengths are affected by the Monsoon. The majority of the northern Trans-Himalayan zone is monsoon-shadowed and perfect for hiking. The climate of the Kathmandu valley can be used as a model.

 

Summer: (May-August) is Nepal's warmest season. Days that are hot yet dry are more comfortable than days that are hot and humid.

 

Autumn: (September to November) begins with the conclusion of the Monsoon season and concludes with the start of winter in November. It's also festival time. There's plenty of greenery and blue sky. The best season for outdoor activities like trekking, rafting, and jungle safaris with wild animals.

 

Winter: Winter lasts from November through February. Winter days are also dry with a few rain showers. In the winter, a typical day in Kathmandu valley might reach 20 degrees Celsius in the daylight, while the night temperature drops below freezing. The winter rains are caused by Mediterranean activity. As a result, the winter rainfall in western Nepal is more than in eastern Nepal.

Temperature

 

Precipitation

Nepal has five climatic zones, with height influencing temperature and the influence of the monsoon on the weather.

 

Up to 1200 m a.s.l.

Tropical monsoon climate:

  • Precipitation: from 1000 mm in the west to 1700 mm in the east. Precipitation peaks in the summer months and is accompanied by high temperatures. In summer - average 38°C, in winter - approx. 13°C
  • Summer winds called "loo" raise the temperature

Lowland Terai (this is where the town of Chitwan is located)
Janakpur, Bardia National Park, Lumbini, Pokara
 

1200 m to 2100 m a.s.l.

Temperate climate with monsoon influence

  • Precipitation: up to approx. 2000 mm per year
  • Climate similar to that of Central Europe

Kathmandu, Nagarkot, Bandipur, Sarangkot, Changu Narayan

2100 to 3300 m a.s.l.

Moderate, cool, typically mountain climate (similar to alpine)

  • Zone not affected by monsoon because the mountains are a barrier seperating this climate zone
  • Dryer
  • Precipitation: rain and snow – depending on the season, up to 1500 mm per year
  • Summer approx. 15°C, winter approx. 0°C

Lesser Himalayas (Mahabharat), Poon Hill, Chisapani, lower trekking areas, Chandra Giri Hills

3300 to 5000 m

Alpine climate

  • Precipitation: up to 1000 mm per year; mainly snow, rain only in summer, below 4000 m a.s.l.
  • Frosty winters, cold summers. Climate similar to that of northern Scandinavia

Most of the trekking areas, Namche Bazar, Annapurna Base Camp and so on

Above 5000 m

Raw mountain climate

  • Precipitation: average – 500 mm; above 7000 m a.s.l. – just 100 mm.
  • Long, cold winters
  • Dry zone

High mountain passes and higher parts of the Himalayas

 

The climate of Nepal is best characterized using the climate of four separate locations. Kathmandu Valley, Pokhara Valley (West), Chitwan (Terai), and Namche Bazaar is among them (East & High Mountain).

City and altitude

Chitwan
150 m

Pokhara
900 m

Katmandu
1350 m

Jomsom
2710 m

Namche Bazar
3440 m

min - max

min - max

min - max

min - max

min - max

January

8 ÷ 13

6 ÷ 19

2 ÷ 17

-2 ÷ 11

-6 ÷ 6

February

11 ÷ 28

8 ÷ 22

3 ÷ 21

1 ÷ 12

-4 ÷ 6

March

17 ÷ 33

14 ÷ 27

9 ÷ 25

2 ÷ 16

-2 ÷ 8

April

19 ÷ 37

17 ÷ 31

11 ÷ 27

4 ÷ 20

1 ÷ 11

May

22 ÷ 37

19 ÷ 31

16 ÷ 28

7 ÷ 23

3 ÷ 14

June

23 ÷ 34

21 ÷ 31

19 ÷ 28

13 ÷ 25

7 ÷ 15

July

25 ÷ 33

21 ÷ 30

20 ÷ 28

14 ÷ 25

8 ÷ 16

August

24 ÷ 32

21 ÷ 29

20 ÷ 27

14 ÷ 25

8 ÷ 16

September

24 ÷ 32

20 ÷ 28

19 ÷ 26

11 ÷ 23

7 ÷ 15

October

19 ÷ 31

15 ÷ 27

12 ÷ 25

5 ÷ 13

1 ÷ 11

November

14 ÷ 27

11 ÷ 24

8 ÷ 21

1 ÷ 15

-3 ÷ 8

December

8 ÷ 24

8 ÷ 20

3 ÷ 19

-2 ÷ 13

-4 ÷ 7

The environment of Nepal is a heaven for the diversity of flora and fauna ranging from the tropics in the Terai to the arctic on the high slopes of the Himalayas. 

 Here are some examples you are likely to witness during your visit to Nepal: 

 Nepal's national flower is the Rhododendron Arboretum which can be seen in the Himalayan highlands in March and April.

Nepalese mangos are likely to be among the best available.

Bananas may be found everywhere - except at higher elevations.

Pineapple farms are also prevalent across the region, and the flavor of freshly squeezed fruit will knock you off your feet.

Sugar cane is a typical component that always compliments freshly squeezed juices or can be used as a single ingredient.

This is a true natural wonderland!

As a result, when arranging a trip to Nepal, we should consider the altitude at which we want to spend our vacation. We urge that you attempt to visit all climatic zones.