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Climates of Nepal

    A sliver of a rustic in Asia, Nepal is landlocked and surrounded with the aid of using China to its north and India to its south, east and west. Nevertheless, its little size doesn't limit the terrain’s diversity.  The country is basically split into 3 regions: the lowlands that lie the southern border (the Terai region) with tropical savannahs, some small hills and therefore the country’s agricultural hubs; the central region which rises to small mountains (the Pahad region) with subtropic deciduous and cone-bearing forests covering the hills and elevation grasslands and shrublands the additional you progress up, tho' no real snow coverage; and lastly, and possibly the foremost well-known, the Himal mountain region within the north, that includes, of course, mountain peak (locally called Sagarmatha), the world’s highest mountain at 8,850m.The region also features the Kali Gandaki Gorge, which is considered the deepest gorge in the world by some. Between all of the mountains in the region, there is a diverse assortment of valleys that provide spectacular landscapes and much more unique natural zones.

    The country's seasons, like lots of its Asian neighbors, are cut up via way of means of rain. Thus, the year is split into seasons: a moist season from June to September, while the region's summer time season warm temperature draws wet air from the Indian Ocean, and a dry season from October to June, while bloodless temperatures withinside the deep indoors pressure dry air to transport outward. April and May are in particular dry, with temperatures accomplishing as much as 40°C. Much of Nepal's herbal vegetation withinside the decrease components have so developed to resist drought pressure, ensuing in quite a few drought-tolerant scrub forests. Sustained rain happens in mid-June on common, however this could range through as much as a month, and it fades through September/October. The post-monsoon season, with chilly, clear, and dry weather, regularly lasts till December, and is accompanied through the wintry weather monsoon, which can provide short rainfalls withinside the lowlands and plains and snow at better elevations. The warm, dry season brings common temperatures of 28°C withinside the hilly regions and 40°C withinside the lowlands, whilst the bloodless wintry weather months carry temperatures starting from 7°C to 23°C withinside the lowlands and beneath freezing at night time withinside the excessive sections. Temperatures are drastically decrease withinside the excessive mountains.


    Monsoon: Nepal' Monsoon options distinct rainy and dry seasons. Summer rains are referred to as monsoons. Monsoon rains cause the bulk of the rain in Kingdom of Nepal throughout the summer. the remainder are clear days. Spring and season are transmutation seasons. In typically, the monsoon season begins in mid-June and concludes in early September. Seasons amendment according on height and slope of the mountain. Northern slopes and better elevations are colder than southern slopes and lower elevations. Monsoon activity determines the rainy season. It principally rains at night, going succeeding many days crisp, clean, and fresh. Summer and fall lengths are affected by the Monsoon. The majority of the northern Trans-Himalayan zone is monsoon-shadowed and perfect for hiking. The climate of the Kathmandu valley can be used as a model.


    Summer: (May-August) is Nepal's warmest season. Days that are hot yet dry are more comfortable than days that are hot and humid.


    Autumn: (September to November) begins with the conclusion of the Monsoon season and concludes with the start of winter in November. It's also festival time. There's plenty of greenery and blue sky. The best season for outdoor activities like trekking, rafting, and jungle safaris with wild animals.


    Winter: Winter lasts from November through February. Winter days are also dry with a few rain showers. In the winter, a typical day in Kathmandu valley might reach 20 degrees Celsius in the daylight, while the night temperature drops below freezing. The winter rains are caused by Mediterranean activity. As a result, the winter rainfall in western Nepal is more than in eastern Nepal.


    • Historical warming in Nepal is estimated to be between 1.0°C and 1.3°C, with research concentrating on the Himalayan area showing greater rates of warming, with average temperatures rising by 1.5°C between 1982 and 2006.
    • The warming in Nepal is complicated, and it is neither uniform over the country's surface area, nor is it characterized consistently by altitude.



    • Annual precipitation rates vary geographically in Nepal, with both positive and negative movements.
    • Extreme precipitation events are thought to have become more frequent and intense in some areas (particularly western Nepal).
    • Wet places appear to be becoming wetter, while dry ones appear to be getting dryer. Between 1982 and 2006, the Himalayan area had an increase in average annual precipitation of 6.5 mm/year.
    • Global climatic patterns such as the El Nio-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the Indian Ocean Dipole also influence inter-annual precipitation variability. It has been demonstrated that ENSO has intricate interactions with both drought and excessive precipitation.

    Nepal has five climatic zones, with height influencing temperature and the influence of the monsoon on the weather.


    Up to 1200 m a.s.l.

    Tropical monsoon climate:

    • Precipitation: from 1000 mm in the west to 1700 mm in the east. Precipitation peaks in the summer months and is accompanied by high temperatures. In summer - average 38°C, in winter - approx. 13°C
    • Summer winds called "loo" raise the temperature

    Lowland Terai (this is where the town of Chitwan is located)
    Janakpur, Bardia National Park, Lumbini, Pokara

    1200 m to 2100 m a.s.l.

    Temperate climate with monsoon influence

    • Precipitation: up to approx. 2000 mm per year
    • Climate similar to that of Central Europe

    Kathmandu, Nagarkot, Bandipur, Sarangkot, Changu Narayan

    2100 to 3300 m a.s.l.

    Moderate, cool, typically mountain climate (similar to alpine)

    • Zone not affected by monsoon because the mountains are a barrier seperating this climate zone
    • Dryer
    • Precipitation: rain and snow – depending on the season, up to 1500 mm per year
    • Summer approx. 15°C, winter approx. 0°C

    Lesser Himalayas (Mahabharat), Poon Hill, Chisapani, lower trekking areas, Chandra Giri Hills

    3300 to 5000 m

    Alpine climate

    • Precipitation: up to 1000 mm per year; mainly snow, rain only in summer, below 4000 m a.s.l.
    • Frosty winters, cold summers. Climate similar to that of northern Scandinavia

    Most of the trekking areas, Namche Bazar, Annapurna Base Camp and so on

    Above 5000 m

    Raw mountain climate

    • Precipitation: average – 500 mm; above 7000 m a.s.l. – just 100 mm.
    • Long, cold winters
    • Dry zone

    High mountain passes and higher parts of the Himalayas


    The climate of Nepal is best characterized using the climate of four separate locations. Kathmandu Valley, Pokhara Valley (West), Chitwan (Terai), and Namche Bazaar is among them (East & High Mountain).

    City and altitude

    150 m

    900 m

    1350 m

    2710 m

    Namche Bazar
    3440 m

    min - max

    min - max

    min - max

    min - max

    min - max


    8 ÷ 13

    6 ÷ 19

    2 ÷ 17

    -2 ÷ 11

    -6 ÷ 6


    11 ÷ 28

    8 ÷ 22

    3 ÷ 21

    1 ÷ 12

    -4 ÷ 6


    17 ÷ 33

    14 ÷ 27

    9 ÷ 25

    2 ÷ 16

    -2 ÷ 8


    19 ÷ 37

    17 ÷ 31

    11 ÷ 27

    4 ÷ 20

    1 ÷ 11


    22 ÷ 37

    19 ÷ 31

    16 ÷ 28

    7 ÷ 23

    3 ÷ 14


    23 ÷ 34

    21 ÷ 31

    19 ÷ 28

    13 ÷ 25

    7 ÷ 15


    25 ÷ 33

    21 ÷ 30

    20 ÷ 28

    14 ÷ 25

    8 ÷ 16


    24 ÷ 32

    21 ÷ 29

    20 ÷ 27

    14 ÷ 25

    8 ÷ 16


    24 ÷ 32

    20 ÷ 28

    19 ÷ 26

    11 ÷ 23

    7 ÷ 15


    19 ÷ 31

    15 ÷ 27

    12 ÷ 25

    5 ÷ 13

    1 ÷ 11


    14 ÷ 27

    11 ÷ 24

    8 ÷ 21

    1 ÷ 15

    -3 ÷ 8


    8 ÷ 24

    8 ÷ 20

    3 ÷ 19

    -2 ÷ 13

    -4 ÷ 7

    The environment of Nepal is a heaven for the diversity of flora and fauna ranging from the tropics in the Terai to the arctic on the high slopes of the Himalayas. 

     Here are some examples you are likely to witness during your visit to Nepal: 

     Nepal's national flower is the Rhododendron Arboretum which can be seen in the Himalayan highlands in March and April.

    Nepalese mangos are likely to be among the best available.

    Bananas may be found everywhere - except at higher elevations.

    Pineapple farms are also prevalent across the region, and the flavor of freshly squeezed fruit will knock you off your feet.

    Sugar cane is a typical component that always compliments freshly squeezed juices or can be used as a single ingredient.

    This is a true natural wonderland!

    As a result, when arranging a trip to Nepal, we should consider the altitude at which we want to spend our vacation. We urge that you attempt to visit all climatic zones.