Langtang Valley Trek, which is located in the Langtang National Park, offers the view of some gorgeous mountain vistas,...
Situated in the Central Himalaya, Langtang National Park is the nearest park to Kathmandu. It was established in 1976 to conserve the unique flora and fauna of Langtang Trekking region. The 1710 sq. km. of the park extends over parts of Nuwakot, Rasuwa, and Sindhupalchok districts in the southern mountainous terrain of the Nepal-China (Tibet) border. In 1998 an area of 420 sq km. in and around the park was declared a buffer zone. Buffer zone management is a joint venture between the park office and the local communities. Local communities have a decision-making role in the management of such areas. Additionally, the local communities or the BZ receive 30 to 50 % of the park revenue for the better management of natural resources to ensure a sustainable supply of resources and community development.
Langtang Valley, popularly known as valley of glaciers, is a famous trekking destination. Its twin attributes, easy accessibility and breathtaking mountain scenery, make it very popular among the trekkers society. Located north of Capital Kathmandu, the valley possesses beautiful pine forest, bubbly clean rivers, rugged rock and snow-blanketed peaks and rambling meadows.
Langtang National Park encloses the catchments of two major river systems; of which one drains west into the Trisuli River and the other east to the Sun Koshi River. Some of the best examples of graded climatic conditions in the Central Himalaya are found here. The complex topography and geology together with the varied climatic patterns have enabled a wide spectrum of vegetation types. These include small areas of subtropical forest (below 1000m) Oaks, palm-pine, maple, fir, blue pine, hemlock spruce and various species of rhododendron make up the main forest species. Above these alpine scrub and grass give way to rocks and snow. The variations in altitude and topography along with the existing forest cover (approx. 25% of the total area) provide habitat for a wide range of animals including wild dog, red panda, pika, muntjac, musk deer, Himalayan black bear, Himalayan thar, ghoral, serow, rhesus monkey and common langur. The Trisuli-Bhote Koshi River forms an important route for birds in spring and autumn migrations between India and Tibet.
About 45 villages are situated within the park boundaries, but are not under park jurisdiction. In total about 3000 households depend on park resources, primarily for wood and pasture lands.